attack on the noble warriors, those noble warriors would have happily spent the next. First, it is important to understand that Nietzsche often uses j''ai essaye the term "truth" to mean the other "real" world that Plato and then Christianity posited. The English psychologists are perhaps men like Hobbes and Hume; or, since he is mentioned later in the book, Herbert Spencer. Nietzsche next turns to the origin of justice, suggesting that the reactive affects of revenge and ressentiment are the last to be touched by justice. The Will to Power, he seems more explicitly to endorse violence as a necessary feature of the great; furthermore, if we set aside the works on Wagner, Nietzsche's praise of warriors far, far outweighs his mention or praise of artists. (The entire history of ethnic fighting, victory, reconciliation, mergers, everything which comes before the final rank ordering of all the elements of a people in every great racial synthesis, is mirrored in the tangled genealogies of its gods, in the sagas of their fights, victories. Within the original tribal cooperativeswere talking about primeval timesthe living generation always acknowledged a legal obligation to the previous generations, and especially to the earliest one which had founded the tribe (and this was in no way merely a sentimental obligation: the latter is something. Things and concepts have no inherent purpose, but are given purpose by the different forces and wills that act upon them. At this stage theres only one thing appropriate for me to do: keep quiet. The arising of the ability to make promises required, N claims, a kind of predictability and regularity to human beings. Contrary to what some have argued, the law and punishment do not arise from ressentiment. N argues the English psychologists have a genealogy of the good that claims our ancestors found some unegotistical acts useful to themselves, and then later "forgot" this self-referring aspect of the usefulness, and just began to call unegotistical acts good.
But first a word in the ear of the psychologists, provided that they have any desire to study ressentiment itself up close for once: this plant grows most beautifully nowadays among anarchists and anti-Semites; in addition, it blooms, as it always has, in hidden places. The history of punishment up to now, in general, the history of its use for different purposes, finally crystallizes into a sort of unity, which is difficult to untangle, difficult to analyze, and, it must be stressed, totally incapable of definition. Just as humanity inherited the ideas of good and bad from the nobility of the tribe (together with its fundamental psychological tendency to set up orders of rank in the same way people also inherited, as well as the divinities of the tribe and. This man of the future, who will release us from that earlier ideal just as much as from what had to grow from it, from the great loathing, from the will to nothingness, from nihilismthat stroke of noon and of the great decision which makes. But N is not defending (at least, not here) a biological view. Nietzsche has an alternative theory of value, which is only implicit in this book, and arises from his views about the will to power. It goes without saying that mercy remains the privilege of the most powerful man, or even better, his beyond the law. Naivelythe way they have always worked. People live in a community. This is why punishments grow less severe over time. N claims the English psychologists' notion that our ancestors "forgot" the self-benefitting aspect of unselfish is ridiculous - the benefit of an action must be present at all times in order for us to form the habit of calling that action good. It would only require a certain sublimation and subtlety, in proportion to the way pain hurts more nowadays; in other words, it would have to appear translated into the imaginative and spiritual and embellished with nothing but names so unobjectionable that they arouse no suspicion.
A summary of Second Essay, Sections 8-15 in Friedrich Nietzsche s Genealogy of Morals.
Second Essay / Guilt, Bad Conscience, and Related Matters / 1 / To breed an animal that is entitled to make promisesis that not precisely the paradoxical task.
The breeding of an animal that can promiseis not this just that very paradox of a task which nature has set itself in regard to man?
Note s on Nietzsche s Genealogy.
Christianity is the moral ity of the slave: it degrades life and praises weakness.
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