essays utilitarian ethics

balancing three key dimensions of availability, inventory and cost. Finally, deontologists argue that utilitarianism devolves into dangerous moral relativism where human beings are allowed to justify heinous acts on the grounds that their outcomes are beneficial. Thus, which sort of transport should be used to reduce CO2 emission regarding the situation like customers demand, scarcity of goods in shelves, assurance of availability of supply and so forth will be decided by proper use of ethics of virtue. Happiness can be achieved through the promotion of pleasure and the absence of pain for the greatest number of people according to Mill. Whereas utilitarianism focuses on the outcomes, or ends, of actions, deontology demands that the actions, or means, themselves must be ethical.

Here awareness is the key point of using this ethics. This practice also can minimize the waste of good.

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In other words, some idea that must always be obeyed, no matter what, and is always justified as an end in and of itself. Available from: p?vref1 Accessed Reference Copied to Clipboard. In the example above, it can be said that the Kantian response seems intuitively right as killing the healthy individual just because he can save ten other lives violates the goals of humanity. . If on the other hand, the shopkeep lowers prices to align with the duty that one must help others in times of crises, and for no other reason, then he is in fact acting with good will. . According to m (2010) this theory is based on the principle-the greatest good for the greatest number. Kants theory suggests that the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences. . His definition of happiness explains that, "by happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure" (P. In relation there are several strategies used to determine the proper behaviour, one is consequentialism. Retailers and other food sector companies to test and develop innovative business models, together with their supply chain partners, that will bring new and higher volumes of food products from Africa to the UK, at the same time delivering improved livelihoods for African producers (frich. Vegetable is certified as organic by specific body of national government.

This enabled us to judge actions not on what creates the most amount of pleasure but what creates the most amount of good, thus directing toward an ideal state. Smarts theory is that people will act for the betterment of those involved in the action. . Critics have claimed that there are flaws in his ways yet George Edward Moore was able to propose ideal utilitarianism which seemed to work quite well.